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Types of Incontinence


Extracted from www.abena.com

Urge-incontinence
Involuntary urination accompanied by or immediately preceded by a strong urge to urinate, which is hard or even impossible to suppress.

Symptoms
Frequent urinations around the clock
Often large leakage episodes (bladder is emptying)
Difficult to reach a toilet in time

Reason could be
Cystitis
Disorders in abdomen or bladder
Neurological deseases
Thin mucous membrane due to lack of oestrogen
Side effect of other medical treatment

Treatment
Treatment of the disorders in abdomen or bladder
Training of the pelvic floor
Bladder training, so that it can contain more urine, before the urge begins
Treatment of cystitis
Medical treatment
Surgical treatment


Stress incontinence/strain incontinence
Involuntary urination resulting from strain, sneeze or cough.

Symptoms
Minor leakage
No urge to urinate coincident with the leakage
Continent during the night

Reason
Weak closing function
Weak pelvic floor
Thin mucous membrane due to lack of oestrogen after menopause
Constipation
Overfilled bladder
Overweight and coughing

Treatment
Training of the pelvic floor muscles
Regular urination
Adjustment of liquid intake
Treatment of cough, overweight and constipation
Oestrogen treatment
Operation


Overflow incontinence
Overflow incontinence is not a defined incontinence type but presents as various symptoms, which include the following:

Seeping urination
Weak stream
Frequent urination around the clock
Poor emptying of the bladder
Recurrent cystitis

Treatment of the cause
Weakened bladder muscle due to overfilled bladder
Enlarged prostate, which prevents outlet from the bladder
Neurological diseases
Consequences of diabetes
Side effects of medicine

Treatment
Regular toiletting regime
Double or triple urination, to empty the bladder properly
Treatment of enlarged prostate
Single-use catheterization
Permanent catheter


Faecal incontinence
Constipation, diarrhoea and involuntary bowel movement are symptoms,(remove comma) which can occur simultaneously or separately. Faecal leakage episodes indicate problems in the intestinal system, which are often complex and caused by many different factors.

The figures are only based on an estimate as faecal problems tend to be seen as much more private than urine incontinence. Approx. 20 % of the Danish population suffer from constipation and approx. 4 % suffer from diarrhoea. There are no Danish figures indicating the frequency of involuntary bowel movements. When comparing the figures from England approx. 4 % of adult Danes will likely suffer from involuntary bowel movements.

Help is available from:
Your own doctor
Pharmacy
Medical specialist
The hospital
Anal physiological outpatient clinic with referral from the local hospital
Continence society